The computer began to develop in the early 1800s but was not user friendly until the development of the first ‘Apple’ (link) computer, which was the first computer to have a moveable and clickable mouse. 

Today, the average person would have a hard time learning to use only code and keys to use certain applications on a computer, so the development of the mouse made it easily accessible to an average consumer. 

Thus, the idea of user experience (UX) and user interface (UI) designers were born. 

‘User experience’ encompasses all aspects of the end-user’s interaction with the company, its services, and its products. 
– Cognitive scientist Don Norman

There are many arguments and conversations about the difference between UX/UI design, but is there an actual difference? Are these disagreements and ideas since job listings are confusing when using one of these as a job title?

My understanding of the term through research and school I believe that they are two different jobs. Through social observation, students in
the graphic and interactive design program at Quinnipiac University, the students who are more interested in the UI design part of developing websites, mobile apps or other digital platforms, often have a minor in computer science. 

While students, like myself, who are interested in more of the UX design portion have minors in other communication programs or
social science programs. 

UI would be based on the backend development of a product or service, while UX is based on the front end of the development. However, there are many overlaps between the two types of designers. 


A UX designer is about identifying and solving user problems of an existing or new product or service. The “usability honeycomb”, are the practices that help the UX designer begin their problem-solving. 

UX design is based on research to solve a problem a user would come in contact with. To solve a problem, you have to conduct research on the users. Reviewing all the user research you begin to notice the major usage of the product so the designer is then able to generalize the personality of the users to create personas based on accurate information. 

After conducting user research, quantitative and qualitative research the designer then comes up with a map: the information architecture of a digital product, user flow charts, wireframes and prototypes. UX designers might go through their map development a few times to find the best fit for the user. 


A UI designer is the backend of a product — coding and final design of prototypes given from the UX designers. 

UI is about creating intuitive, aesthetically-pleasing and interactive interfaces from the research and ideas of the UX designers. The UI part of the development process is the end product. They fill in all the elements that perfect the product or service, mostly within the design world. 

For example, UX designers would be the architects
for houses and UI designers would be the exterior
and interior designers to develop the perfect home
for a family. 

I learned to love every aspect of what the graphic design world has to offer me, but if I had to choose between this process of development I think I would fit better within the UX design lifestyle. 

Although the more I learn and understand coding and digital design, I have a constant need to learn why we do the things we do and why we need to improve a specific aspect. Which is why I chose to be a public relations minor, public relations and marketing are just like UX/UI when it comes to the confusion of which does what and when. Marketing research and public relations research is the process I enjoy more, while my journalism background is determining the story with the research I have conducted. 

After analyzing the job fields with cognitive research, researching the development is what comes the easiest and what I find is most enjoyable.